Showing 19 posts by Fernando Domínguez

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Previous analysis:

We are presented with a Word document that has macros. The VBA code for the macros is obfuscated but we can clearly see that it is using some interesting Win32 API calls like VirtualAlloc and CallWindowProc, which later renames.

Thus, we can just set a breakpoint on the renamed CallWindowProc function to trace shellcode. (This is explained more in depth by the Minerva guys).


The shellcode first resolves LdrLoadDLL:

Then resolves Kernel32.dll

Resolves ExpandEnvironmentStringsA:

And calls it with %TMP%\\bg618.exe.

Then resolves CreateFileA, VirtualAlloc, VirtualFree and CreateWindowProcA, ReadFile, CloseHandle and

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Cerber is a popular ransomware that it's still active. In this blogpost, we will analyze and dump Cerber's config using the Cuckoo Sandbox for it.

Prior analysis of Cerber already exist (like this one by Hasherezade).
As state by Hasherezade, Cerber stores it's configuration in an RCDATA resource bundled in the PE header. This RCDATA resource is encrypted and cerber uses a dedicated function to decrypt it.

We will begin analyzing said binary.

CRC32: EF4C42F6
MD5: 9A7F87C91BF7E602055A5503E80E2313
SHA-1: 193F407A2F0C7E1EAA65C54CD9115C418881DE42

If we analyze the function after which call a clear-text configuration is loaded in memory we can see it is using

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In this post I will analyze one on the ELF files captured on my honeypot. First, a dynamic analysis will be performed. Once we aknowledge it's behaviour we will move onto a more in-deep static analysis.

Let's start!

We are presented with a 32-bit ELF un-stripped executable.

$ file 05fd293845e7517bcfc6e8a7fa845ef101bf716c5ec6d40c74c6f7e8aed656bf 
05fd293845e7517bcfc6e8a7fa845ef101bf716c5ec6d40c74c6f7e8aed656bf: ELF 32-bit LSB executable, Intel 80386, version 1 (SYSV), statically linked, for GNU/Linux 2.2.5, not stripped, too many notes (256)

Analyzing the network traffic

Executing the malware sample with Wireshark listening on our routing machine shows that our sample is trying to contact server 218.2.0.

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Today I came across this post that states that it is not possible to get a hard-coded password out of a binary by using the strings command.
But a while back I also remember reading another article saying that it is indeed possible.

So, is it?

I grabbed the code from the linked article, compiled it and executed strings on the binary only to get the same results as the original author.

$ strings pass
yomaf <---

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Amongst all the files captured in my honeypot all had a common thing: they were executables. All but one. A single lonely C source file. Naturally, this caught my attention, so I decided to read the source code.

After all, it was a rudimentary port scanner by someone going by the alias of Lupu to scan B-class networks. What really got my attention was this line of code:


That... can not work, right? I mean, is really Linux going to report my process as being the obviously innocuous bash shell just because I

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